2019 is the first year of implementation of national projects. Given the reconfiguration of financial, administrative, and management controls, the tasks of the federal centre and the initiatives that have come from the regions now make it possible to assess the effectiveness of the collaborative efforts.
What mechanisms need to be reviewed or refined? And, inversely, what practices and solutions have proved to be the most effective, worthy of further development and replication?
According to the survey by NAFI (National Agency for Financial Studies) 29% of Russians would like to start their own business. According to the national report "Global Monitoring of Entrepreneurship" in 2008 only 5.1% of Russian citizens stated that they were planning to launch a business in the following 3 years. At the same time, the statistics on the growth of small and medium-sized businesses evidence that entrepreneurial initiative of Russian citizens is restrained. Can the national project "Small and medium entrepreneurship and support of individual entrepreneurial initiative" meet all the demands of the citizens? Or is the cautiousness of potential entrepreneurs due to reasons outside the national project?
One of the national goals set by the President of the Russian Federation is to facilitate accelerated implementation of digital technologies in the social sphere. Among the most pressing challenges of modern social policy are the functional optimization of social systems and practices, including their transparency, improved access to social support, their quality, development of the social sphere as a whole. Modern information technologies have already made it possible to raise citizens' awareness of their social security entitlements, but this is just a beginning of the digital transformation, with other drivers of change also available.
What opportunities and risks do we see in the introduction of digital technologies in the social sphere? Increasing the efficiency of interaction between citizens and the state are possible ways. How to make social support as simple as shopping? How can digital technology and platform solutions facilitate that? Mechanisms and methods of solution (approbation)? Anticipated results and budget impact assessment? Regional view on implementing modern information technologies in the social sphere?
In accordance with national goals, the Russian Federation should take a colossal leap forward and in 2024 attain the productivity growth rate of 5%in the basic non-raw material sectors of the economy. Achieving such ambitious goals is only possible with new business mindset, both among managers and at the shop floor level. In developing the activities of the national project "Labor productivity and employment support", the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation paid special attention to new approach to increasing labor productivity at an enterprise by improving education, corporate culture, personnel motivation. Despite the diversity of existing government support measuresandavailability of corporate culture and motivation programs at enterprises, the issue is always open and relevant. How to motivate enterprises and regions to increase labor productivity? Why is it necessary to transform the management system at the enterprise? What tools should be used to achieve these goals? Should we focus on investing in human capital? How to stimulate and advance proactive thinking?
The Government has formulated tasks to simplify the public procurement system. Some of the barriers, which are a significant obstacle to the implementation of national projects, have already been removed.
Work on a comprehensive reform and optimization of the public procurement system is continuing, taking into account the goals and objectives set by the President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation.
Faced with serious external shocks, Russia is changing its approach to business. This is particularly necessary in the area of international trade and related settlements between residents and non-residents.
Which currency policy is the best at the moment? How to ensure that exporters and importers extensively make their settlements in national currency? How can we ensure the phasing out of the US dollar in international settlements? How to ensure business freedom for exporters so that non-resource exports increase to $250 billion by 2024?
Today, the global economy is being crash-tested by a multitude of diverse challenges: trade wars, political uncertainty, sanctions pressures, cyclical and structural constraints.
How does the Russian financial sector respond to these challenges? Will the Russian Economy be able not only to withstand these stormy conditions, but also to take advantage of opportunities for growth? What "rules of the game" do we have to adapt to in the near future? Is it possible to develop immunity to new shocks?
The Customs Code of the Eurasian Economic Union consolidated the domination of electronic interaction between customs authorities and participants of foreign economic activity, giving impetus to the accelerated development of electronic services and electronic customs.
How is the practice of electronic declaration centers assessed? What is the experience gained in the interaction between foreign trade participants and the Federal Customs Service of Russia in electronic form? What are the problems and prospects of further digitalization of these relations?
In recent years, ensuring the sustainability of the budgetary policy has been at the centre of attention of EAEU Member-states. One of the main tools to address this issue is the budgetary rules. The development of integration and increased interconnectedness of economies in the Eurasian space makes it important to exchange experience in the use of budgetary rules by EAEU Member-states in the context of the development of modern economic policy. In addition to the existence of national budgetary rules, the Eurasian Economic Union Treaty establishes unified limits on public debt and budget deficits for member states, which can now be considered as supranational budgetary rules.
How effective are the modern systems of budgetary rules of the EAEU Member-states? Have they helped countries meet the challenges of recent years? In what direction is it necessary to develop cooperation among the EAEU Member-states in pursuing a coordinated macroeconomic policy, taking into account the existing differences between the economies? Do countries need common standards for fiscal sustainability, and what is the best way to secure them?
Against the background of a challenging foreign policy and macroeconomic situation, the capital is showing steady positive dynamics of key economic, financial, and investment indicators. Despite the sanctions, there is still interest in Moscow on the part of Russian and foreign investors.
What is the driver for improving the business environment and investment activity in Moscow?
How to attract the right investors and create an effective system of project support?
What measures and tools does the city use to strengthen its position among the world's metropolian cities?
It is planned to allocate more than 13 trillion rubles of the federal budget until 2024 to achieve the national development goals of the Russian Federation. It is planned that the volume of business participation in the achievement of national development goals should be no less than 2-3 times higher than the volume of state financing and amount from 26 to 39 trillion rubles.
For the purpose of achievement of the above goal, in the course of the open meeting of the Club of Financial Directors, it is proposed to discuss the general principles of providing state support, support measures required for the implementation of new investment projects in the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as the conditions for attracting private investment in the implementation of national projects to the maximum extent possible.
The national projects "Education", "Demography", "Digital Economy", designed to become a driver of improving the quality of life of citizens, include measures to involve the non-governmental sector in the provision of public services using a certificate - a tool that ensures the organization of public services based on the principle of "money follows the consumer". At the same time, the absence of unified approaches to the use of this tool by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation makes it impossible to ensure the unity of legal regulation, hinders the development of relations between the state and the private sector, and leads to distrust of users.
What are the results of the use of public service certificates and how to build a regulatory system that balances the interests of all parties involved?
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, Moscow and Novgorod Oblast expressed readiness to start using certificate tools within the framework of unified approaches in the testing mode, conducted jointly with the Ministry of Finance of Russia. Relevant cooperation agreements will be signed at the end of the session.
Improvement of regulation of OSAGO (compulsory motor vehicle third party liability insurance) is necessary to reduce the number of disputes between insurers and consumers of insurance services, to improve the quality of services provided by insurers and to satisfy insurers, to ensure the interest of motor vehicle owners in improving traffic safety, and to form fair competition. The practice of OSAGO implementation shows that it is impossible to achieve these goals without changing the existing tariff system of OSAGO.
Will the draft law aimed at the liberalization of the OSAGO tariff system be able to change the situation? What are the expectations and risks associated with its adoption? Will the use of modern information technologies and technical devices in the OSAGO system contribute to increasing the satisfaction of consumers of insurance services, road safety, as well as encouraging drivers to sign an OSAGO contract?
Various forms of support for the social and economic development of the territories are currently in operation, the implementation of which is carried out mainly within the framework of existing targeted federal and State programs of the Russian Federation.
The Strategy of Spatial Development of the Russian Federation has defined the main directions of development of different types of territories.
Today, a plan for the implementation of the Strategy has been developed, providing for the development of medium- and long-term plans for the socio-economic development of various types of territories: macro-regions, cities, and urban agglomerations, and rural territories.
The work is underway to develop strategies for macro-regions and plans for their implementation, as well as individual development plans for the subjects of the Russian Federation with a low level of socio-economic development.
To support rural territories, a State Program of the Russian Federation "On the comprehensive development of rural territories" was approved in May of this year.
In this connection, it is important to ensure that the various support measures implemented within the framework of the territorial development plans take optimal organizational and financial forms.
In recent years, the Russia's economy has undergone qualitative changes – thanks to the structure of macroeconomic policy that is resistant to any external shocks, macroeconomic imbalances have been eliminated, and the structure of economic growth has become healthier and more resilient to changes in the external environment. As a result, the improvement of the GDP dynamics is observed even in spite of various external restrictions. Stable and predictable economic, fiscal, and financial conditions have created a solid foundation.
But will Russia be able to move forward? Do we have enough opportunities for a qualitative breakthrough and what are they? Do we have enough mechanisms to influence the economy? How effective are they? What experience can we learn from the world practice, and what mistakes can we avoid? Are we capable to realize the "Russian economic miracle"?
* Please be aware that the Programme may be modified.